Do indigenous peoples have an unassailable right to the land they have worked and lived on, or are those rights conferred and protected only when a powerful political authority exists? In the tradition of John Locke and Thomas Hobbes, who vigorously debated the thorny concept of property rights, Sara L. Maurer here looks at the question as it applied to British ideas about Irish nationalism in the nineteenth century.
Similarities between John Locke and Thomas Hobbes · Compare Thomas ..
A struggle is underway between two ideas: liberal democracy, and sovereignty. Lately, this struggle has been given new impetus by the Iraq War, and the Bush Doctrine that makes spreading liberal democracy central to US foreign policy. Now, from Almaty to Amman, from Baku to Beirut, from Cairo to China, from Kiev to Karachi, from Damascus to Darfur, from Tehran to Tashkent, the Bush administration faces the challenge of translating its democratic vision into policy, and one of the constraints is that some consider this unwarranted interference in sovereign states. Those are the recent developments; but the struggle has much deeper roots. It goes back to 17th-century England, when the respective proponents of the two views were John Locke and Thomas Hobbes.
John Locke and Thomas Hobbes Enlightenment Ph - TeacherTube
Political philosophy addresses questions about how people can live together in a society, or whether people should live together in the first place. It asks questions about the best form of government, the laws people should follow, the best economic system, the structure of the society itself, etc. Sometimes it’s hard to see that these questions are important because we are born into a society where they have all been answered for us, mostly by philosophers and other thinkers in the past. In the US, for example, we see democracy as the best form of government and our Constitution is an example of social contract theory put into action. Thomas Jefferson drew heavily from the ideas of earlier philosophers like John Locke and Thomas Hobbes.
The two major political parties in the US, as everyone should know, are Republicans (Conservatives) and Democrats (Liberals). However because of their prominence, we are not going to study them in detail. If you consider yourself a Republican or Democrat, you might want to take a look at the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy’s discussions of the two: and .
But anyway, we will be studying two political philosophies at the opposite end of the political spectrum: Marxism/Communism and Libertarianism. Marxism comes from the philosophy of Karl Marx, who envisioned a socialist economy that would rectify the injustices of capitalism (notice in the lecture below that Marx's Communism is distinct from Communism after it was adopted by countries like Russia and China). Libertarianism is, among other things, about personal freedom and minimal government. To put it simply, Marxism supports a big central government whereas Libertarianism supports a small central government.
John Locke and Thomas Hobbes Enlightenment Ph 29,249 views